Get medical help right away if you have: heartburn with lightheadedness / sweating / dizziness, chest/jaw/arm/ shoulder pain (especially with shortness of breath, unusual sweating ), unexplained weight loss. Some symptoms may actually be signs of a more serious condition.
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If you are self-treating, l your doctor if your heartburn persists after 14 days or if you need to use this medication more than once every 4 months. If you think you may have a serious medical problem, get medical help right away. l your doctor if your condition persists or worsens. The risk of side effects goes up over time. Ask your doctor how long you should take this medication.
If your doctor has directed you to use this product, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
If your doctor has prescribed this medication for you, do not share it with others.
It relieves symptoms such as heartburn, difficulty swallowing, and persistent cough. Omeprazole belongs to a class of drugs known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Omeprazole is used to treat certain stomach and esophagus problems (such as acid reflux, ulcers). It works by decreasing the amount of acid your stomach makes. This medication helps heal acid damage to the stomach and esophagus, helps prevent ulcers, and may help prevent cancer of the esophagus.
If you are also taking sucralfate, take omeprazole at least 30 minutes before sucralfate. If needed, antacids may be taken along with this medication.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at.
GENERIC NAME(S): Omeprazole Magnesium.
See also Precautions section.
Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about ways to prevent bone loss /fracture, such as by taking calcium (such as calcium citrate ) and vitamin D supplements. Proton pump inhibitors (such as omeprazole) may increase your risk for bone fractures, especially with longer use, higher doses, and in older adults.
Headache or abdominal pain may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, l your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
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Swallow this medication whole with a glass of water. Do not crush, break, or chew the tablets.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching /swelling (especially of the face/ tongue /throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing, signs of kidney problems (such as change in the amount of urine).
Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Keep all medications away from children and pets. Do not store in the bathroom.
Some products that may interact with this drug include: cilostazol, clopidogrel, methotrexate (especially high-dose treatment), rifampin, St John's wort.
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist before you start taking omeprazole and each time you get a refill.
In the US.
Children may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially fever, cough, and infections of the nose/throat/airways.
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In addition, before you self-treat with this medication, get medical help right away if you have any of these signs of a serious condition: trouble/pain swallowing food, bloody vomit, vomit that looks like coffee grounds, bloody/black stools, heartburn for over 3 months, frequent chest pain, frequent wheezing (especially with heartburn ), nausea / vomiting, stomach pain.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
If you are self-treating with this medication, over-the-counter omeprazole products are used to treat frequent heartburn (occurring 2 or more days a week). Since it may take 1 to 4 days to have full effect, these products do not relieve heartburn right away.
2016 First Databank, Inc. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.Information last revised November 2016. Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so.
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If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. If you are self-treating, follow all directions on the product package. Do not increase your dose or take this drug more often than directed. In children, the dosage is also based on weight. Dosage and length of treatment are based on your medical condition and response to treatment. Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor, usually once daily, before a meal.
See also How to Use section.
You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug. This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests, possibly causing false test results.
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This medication passes into breast milk. The effects on a nursing infant are unknown. Consult your doctor before breast -feeding.
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During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Health Concern On Your Mind?
Continue to take this medication for the prescribed length of treatment even if you are feeling better. Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. If you are self-treating with the over-the-counter product, do not take it for more than 14 days unless directed by your doctor. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.
Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
l your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: symptoms of a low magnesium blood level (such as unusually fast/slow/ irregular heartbeat, persistent muscle spasms, seizures ), signs of lupus (such as rash on nose and cheeks, new or worsening joint pain ).
Do not use anti- diarrhea products or narcotic pain medications if you have any of the following symptoms because these products may make them worse. This medication may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition ( Clostridium difficile -associated diarrhea ) due to a type of bacteria. l your doctor right away if you develop: persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain /cramping, fever, blood / mucus in your stool.
Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: confusion, unusual sweating, blurred vision, unusually fast heartbeat. US residents can call their local poison control center at. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911.
A healthcare professional should be consulted before taking any drug, changing any diet or commencing or discontinuing any course of treatment. The information is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for you or anyone else. CONDITIONS OF USE: The information in this database is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of healthcare professionals.
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip themissed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
If your doctor instructs you to use this medication regularly for a long time, laboratory and medical tests (such as a magnesium blood test, vitamin B-12 levels) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Keep all regular medical and laboratory appointments.
Check the ingredients on the label even if you have used the product before. For over-the-counter products, carefully read the package instructions to make sure the product is right for you. Also, products with similar brand names may contain different ingredients meant for different purposes. The manufacturer may have changed the ingredients. Taking the wrong product could harm you.
Before using this medication, l your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: liver disease, lupus.
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Omeprazole decreases stomach acid, so it may change how well these products work. Some products need stomach acid so that the body can absorb them properly. Some affected products include atazanavir, erlotinib, nelfinavir, pazopanib, rilpivirine, certain azole antifungals ( itraconazole, ketoconazole, posaconazole), among others.
Rarely, proton pump inhibitors (such as omeprazole ) have caused vitamin B-12 deficiency. l your doctor right away if you develop symptoms of vitamin B-12 deficiency (such as unusual weakness, sore tongue, or numbness/tingling of the hands/feet). The risk is increased if they are taken every day for a long time (3 years or longer).
Before having surgery, l your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
Before taking omeprazole, l your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to similar drugs (such as esomeprazole, lansoprazole, pantoprazole ); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
Do not use any medications containing esomeprazole while using omeprazole. Omeprazole is very similar to esomeprazole.Prilosec